What are Stock Exchanges? Stock Exchanges In INDIA.

What are stock exchanges?

What is a Stock Exchanges?

A stock exchange is a marketplace where securities, such as stocks and bonds, are bought and sold. Bonds are typically traded Over-the-Counter (OTC), but some corporate bonds can be traded on stock exchanges.

Then, Stock exchanges allow companies to raise capital and investors to make informed decisions using real-time price information. Exchanges can be physical locations or electronic trading platforms.

Though people are typically familiar with the image of the trading floor, many exchanges now use electronic trading.

Here, we will discuss all the national level stock exchanges in India

Now, We see major stock exchanges in India.

Stock Exchange is a physically institutionalized set-up where instruments of the security stock market (shares, bonds, debentures, securities, etc.) are traded. It serves the following major functions:-

  1. Makes a floor available to the buyers and sellers of stock and liquidity comes to the stocks. It is the single most important institution in the secondary market for securities. 
  2. Makes available the prices of trading as an important piece of information to the investors.
  3. Following institutionalized rules and procedures, it ensures that the participants in the stock market live up to their commitments.
  4. Passes updated information to the enlisted companies about their present stockholders.
  5. By publishing its índex’, it fulfills the purpose of projecting the moods of stock markets.

The world’s first stock exchange was established in Antwerp, Belgium then the part of the Netherlands in 1631, the London stock exchange opened in1773, and the Philadelphia stock exchange (the first in the new world) opened in 1790. The first stock exchange in India, the Bombay Stock Exchange is known as The Native Share and Stock Brokers. Association was set up in 1870 (under a tree).

Top Stock Exchanges in India

The top five largest stock exchanges ( on the basis of market capitalization ) in the world in their decreasing orders are– the new york stock exchange, the NASDAQ, the Tokyo Stock Exchange, and the London stock exchange You can do it. And the Bombay Stock Exchange.

Trading in the stock exchanges takes place via the mediators known as the brokers, the jobbers, and the market maker.

As per the latest information, presently there is a total number of Stock Exchange is 26 operating in 7 at the national level and the rest 19 at the regional level. One of them, the Coimbatore stock exchange is simply soft. Withdrawal of federalization the matter is sub-judice under the SEBI. A brief account of national-level stock exchanges is given below.

NSE ( National Stock Exchange )

First, The National Stock Exchange of India Limited, NSE was set up in 1992. And become operationalized in 1994. The sponsor of exchange and financial institutions including, IDBI LIC and, GIC with IDBI has its promoter. It has a 50 share index and 500 share index known as S&P CNX 50 (nifty fifty) and S&P CNX500 respectively.


OTCEI ( Over the Counter Exchange of India Ltd. )

Second stock exchange.

Though the Over The Counter Exchange of India limited ( OTCEI ) was set up in 1989, it could commence trading only in 1992. India’s first fully computerized Stock Exchange was promoted by. The UTI ICICI SBI CAP.

Among others, in order to overcome problems such as lack of transparency and delays in settlements prevalent in the older Stock Exchange, is another important goal of the exchange was to allow stock market exposure.

Two, comparatively smaller companies, companies with paid up. Capital from 30 lab to 25 crores in him listed here. Trading is. Indie exchange takes place by market makers and Commission is fixed.

ISE ( Interconnected stock exchanges of India )

Third, The Interconnected Stock Exchange of India, IES is basically a single floor of India’s 15 regional stock exchanges SES. Set up in 1998, the IRS sees where.

Here, Provided increased reach and through this, it is a web-based exchange.

BSE ( Bombay Stock Exchange )


The Bombay Stock Exchange Limited BSE was earlier a regional Stock Exchange converted into the National Stock Exchange in 2002, the biggest in India. It accounts for almost 75% of. Total stock. It is traded in India. And 5th largest in the world on the basis of market capitalization,

There are. At present, four indices are connected with BSE.


First, The sensitive index that is Sensex is a 30 stock index of the BSE, which was enlarged to include fifty stocks in 2000 but soon was cut down to the original level. This index represents the Indian stock market.

2. BSE-200

Similarly, This is a 200 stock share index of BSE, including the 30 stocks of the Sensex, which has its dollar version to the Dollex.


Here, In mid-1999, the BSE came up with a 500 stock index representing major industries and many sub-sector of the economy with information technology getting a significant weightage.

4. National index

An index of 100 stocks being quoted nationwide in Bombay, Delhi, Kolkata, etc was developed to give a broader, wider representation of the stock market. Since the sensor consists of only 30 stocks. The 30 stocks of the sensors are included in the national index. This index is computed by the statics department of BSE, hence it’s called the BSE national index.


Consequently, The new Stock Exchange promotes liquidity to stocks of small enterprises. SMEs were launched in 2005 jointly for the medium. The BSE defies the Federation of Indian Stock Exchange representing 18 regional stock exchanges.

So, BSE in doing next was also an effort to rejuvenate the bar as is which is falling and facing volume of trading on their floors due to the absence of trading at RSEs the strokes of SME has become. Illiquid. BSc will transfer all its B1 and B2 groups to the exchange. The RSE also transfers therein listed companies to the new exchange. Now there are is will be able to use the BSE network online the Webex.

SME Exchanges: BSESME Emerge

Finally, the SME exchange in the Stock Exchange is dedicated to trading and the shares of small and medium scale enterprises S MPs who otherwise find it difficult to get listed in the main exchange the concept originated. from the difficulties, SMEs face in gaining visibility or attracting sufficient trading volumes when listed along with other stocks on the main exchange.

In conclusion, These are the six national-level stock exchanges in India BSc is the largest one.

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